We look for information about the difference types of gender violence:
Domestic violence: Physical violence, Sexual violence, Psychological abuse
Female genital mutilation
Female Sex Trafficking
How we can prevent the gender violence?: A education for the equality. The importance of the Mass Media In group make a presentation with this ideas. You show this ideas before the video made by your group.
For the trimester, we are about to prepare the shooting of the promotional clip of the Short Ethic Movies Festival (now in its 2th edition). That's the reason why you should propose ideas. Something to should be done by all ethic students. Working in group, 2-3 people, with these items:
What is Gender Violence? how we can to combat? ...
... a video around 3-5 minutes. Remember, you can use all types of technological systems, with nice music related to movies or your personal creation.
Human Dignity is The Basis of Fundamental Human Rights
Human dignity is inviolable and it must be respected and protected.
The dignity of the human person is not only a fundamental right in
itself, but constitutes the basis of fundamental rights in international
The 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights enshrined this
principle in its preamble: ‘recognition of the inherent dignity and of
the equal and inalienable rights of all members of the human family is
the foundation of freedom, justice and peace in the world’.
For this reason the dignity of the human person is part of the
substance of any right protected by international human rights law. It
must, therefore, be respected, even where a right is restricted.
Human Dignity is at the Heart of Human Identity
Human dignity goes to the heart of human identity. Without dignity none of the protections of the various legal human
rights mechanisms can have real meaning, which is why the concept has
held, and continues to hold, a central place in the international human
Look for information about the Universal Declaration of Human Rights: What, where, when, why, how, ...?
What Human Rights articles are relative with the human dignity?
What do you think, is possible the human dignity without freedom or equality?
2. Don’t Discriminate. These rights belong to everybody, whatever our differences.
3. The Right to Life. We all have the right to life, and to live in freedom and safety.
4. No Slavery. Nobody has any right to make us a slave. We cannot make anyone our slave.
5. No Torture. Nobody has any right to hurt us or to torture us.
6. You Have Rights No Matter Where You Go. I am a person just like you!
7. We’re All Equal Before the Law. The law is the same for everyone. It must treat us all fairly.
8. Your Human Rights Are Protected by Law. We can all ask for the law to help us when we are not treated fairly.
9. No Unfair Detainment. Nobody has the right to put us in prison without good reason and keep us there, or to send us away from our country.
10. The Right to Trial. If we are put on trial this should be in public. The people who try us should not let anyone tell them what to do.
11. We’re Always Innocent Till Proven Guilty. Nobody
should be blamed for doing something until it is proven. When people
say we did a bad thing we have the right to show it is not true.
12. The Right to Privacy. Nobody should try to harm
our good name. Nobody has the right to come into our home, open our
letters, or bother us or our family without a good reason.
13. Freedom to Move. We all have the right to go where we want in our own country and to travel as we wish.
14. The Right to Seek a Safe Place to Live. If we
are frightened of being badly treated in our own country, we all have
the right to run away to another country to be safe.
15. Right to a Nationality. We all have the right to belong to a country.
16. Marriage and Family. Every grown-up has the
right to marry and have a family if they want to. Men and women have
the same rights when they are married, and when they are separated.
17. The Right to Your Own Things. Everyone has the right to own things or share them. Nobody should take our things from us without a good reason.
18. Freedom of Thought. We all have the right to believe in what we want to believe, to have a religion, or to change it if we want.
19. Freedom of Expression.
We all have the right to make up our own minds, to think what we like,
to say what we think, and to share our ideas with other people.
20. The Right to Public Assembly.
We all have the right to meet our friends and to work together in
peace to defend our rights. Nobody can make us join a group if we don’t
21. The Right to Democracy. We all
have the right to take part in the government of our country. Every
grown-up should be allowed to choose their own leaders.
22. Social Security.
We all have the right to affordable housing, medicine, education, and
childcare, enough money to live on and medical help if we are ill or
23. Workers’ Rights. Every grown-up has the right to do a job, to a fair wage for their work, and to join a trade union.
24. The Right to Play. We all have the right to rest from work and to relax.
25. Food and Shelter for All.
We all have the right to a good life. Mothers and children, people who
are old, unemployed or disabled, and all people have the right to be
26. The Right to Education.
Education is a right. Primary school should be free. We should learn
about the United Nations and how to get on with others. Our parents can
choose what we learn.
27. Copyright. Copyright
is a special law that protects one’s own artistic creations and
writings; others cannot make copies without permission. We all have the
right to our own way of life and to enjoy the good things that art,
science and learning bring.
28. A Fair and Free World. There must be proper order so we can all enjoy rights and freedoms in our own country and all over the world.
29. Responsibility. We have a duty to other people, and we should protect their rights and freedoms.
30. No One Can Take Away Your Human Rights.
Tasks/homework.Investigate: 1. Classify the different Human rights in one of the three generations. When they appear? 2. Look for countries where human rights are broken.. 3. How are the Human Rights in developed countries? 4. How are the Human Rights in undeveloped countries? 5 What is the ONU? What is its finality?
The concept of human rights has
evolved through different phases in human history. A general
definition of human rights is that they are the "rights and
freedoms to which all humans are entitled". Philosophers and
thinkers advocating the concept of human rights are of the view that
everyone is endowed with certain entitlements merely by reason of
Human Rights Concept is egalitarian and Universal
Therefore human rights are universal and egalitarian in their
concept. Human beings cannot be treated on unequal terms in the
application of human rights norms. These human rights can be in the
form of shared norms of actual human moralities, as justified moral
norms or natural rights. They can also be in the form of legal rights
either in the local legal system or in the international law. In
spite of the development of human rights concept over ages through
historical phases, there are no precise or specific norms to suggest
what constitute human rights and what do not. In consequence, the
incidence of heated debates in human right issues is increasing in
resonance with the growth of human rights awareness across the global
Modern Human Rights Movement from the Post World War II
Human rights in its modern conception developed after the World
War II and the Holocaust and the consequent Universal Declaration of
Human Rights by the United
Nations General Assembly in 1948. Admittedly, the usage of the
term "human rights" has evolved in recent times. But the
concept of human rights has its intellectual foundations in the
history of philosophy and the concepts of natural law rights and
liberties dating back to the days of ancient Greek city states and
the days of the Roman Law.
Modern Developments in Human Rights
Human rights concept in the modern times is the result of the
enlightenment concept of natural rights evolved through the views of
John Locke and Immanuel Kant. In the development of human rights, the
United States Bill of Rights and the Declaration of the Rights of Man
and of the Citizen have significant roles. It is important to note
that Article 1 of the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human
Rights (UDHR) upholds the need of human rights in these words: “All
human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are
endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another
in a spirit of brotherhood.”
No Precise Starting Point for Human Rights in History
The concepts of rights and liberty existed form the ancient times.
But it is not very clear as to whether they had the present meaning
of the term ‘human rights’. Aristotle also wrote the citizens
right to property and participation in public affairs. But universal
human rights were never a concept entertained by the ancient Greeks
or Romans thoughts. Hence, slavery was justified as a natural
condition. Even Magna Carta was not a charter of human rights. It was
rather a document to address specific political circumstances.
Human Rights in the 16th and 17th Centuries
The legal interpretations of human rights in their modern form can
be found in the Twelve Articles (1525). They are deemed the first
record of human rights in Europe. They were the result of the
peasants' demands of the Swabian League in the German Peasants' War.
Later in 1689, the English Bill of Rights and the Scottish Claim of
Right made several governmental measures illegal.
Human Rights in the 18th Centaury
The 18th century revolutions in the United States (1776) and in
France (1789), paved the way for the adoption of the United States
Declaration of Independence and the French Declaration of the Rights
of Man and of the Citizen respectively. Through these declarations,
some legal rights of citizens were recognized. Another epoch-making
declaration was the Virginia Declaration of Rights of. The Virginia
Declaration facilitated the recognition of a number of fundamental
civil rights and civil freedoms.
18th and 19th Century Philosophers
In the 18th and 19th centuries philosophers such as Thomas Paine,
John Stuart Mill and G. W. F. Hegel infused much life in to the
concept of human rights and the concept got more clarity of though
Paine's ‘The Rights of Man’ and William Lloyd Garrison's ‘The
Liberator’ which he wrote for "the great cause of human
The Eventful 19th Centaury for Human Rights
In the 19th century, the concept of human rights has found its
most manifest actions in the cause of slavery. In Britain, William
Wilberforce’s efforts led to the abolition of slavery in the
British Empire by the Slave Trade Act 1807 and the Slavery Abolition
Act 1833. By mid-19th century, slavery had been abolished most of the
United States. After the American Civil War and reconstruction period
there came a number of amendments to the United States Constitution.
The 13th amendment banned slavery in America and the 14th amendment
ensured full citizenship and civil rights to all people born in the
United States. Again, the 15th amendment went a step further and it
guaranteed voting right to African Americans.
Freedom Movements in the 20th Century
In the 20th century, the efforts of several groups and movements
have managed to achieve profound social changes all over the world.
Labor movements in Western Europe and North America; labor unions and
women's rights movements, etc. helped in creating more awareness
about human rights. National liberation movements such as that led by
Mahatma Gandhi to liberate his native India from British rule also
helped in the propagation of human rights principles.
Explain what are the Human Rights
Make a Timeline about the main dates and men in the Human rights advances